Kajian Astronomi atas Hisab Awal Bulan Kamariah dalam Kitab Fath Al-Raūf Al-Mannān

Thoriq, Moh. (2013) Kajian Astronomi atas Hisab Awal Bulan Kamariah dalam Kitab Fath Al-Raūf Al-Mannān. Masters thesis, IAIN Walisongo.

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Abstract

Tesis ini bertolak dari dua masalah awal bulan Kamariah yang merupakan hal krusial bagi penentuan ibadah yang telah ditentukan syari’at. Dengan beragamnya kitab falak yang berkembang dalam menetukan awal bulan Kamariah (ilmu hisab), menyebabkan banyak pula perbedaan hasil ketetapan awal bulan Kamariah. Dari berbagai macam kitab inilah menyebabkan banyaknya perbedaan pendapat di kalangan masyarakat Indonesia. Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān adalah salah satu contoh kitab ilmu falak yang mewarnai penentuan jatuhnya awal bulan Kamariah. Kemudian masalah pertama adalah bagaimana algoritma hisab awal bulan Kamariah dalam kitab Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān?.. Kedua, Bagaimanakah kajian astronomi atas hisab awal bulan Kamariah kitab Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān? Untuk menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut, maka dibutuhkan metode penelitian yang bersifat kepustakaan (library research), dengan sumber data primer kitab Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān dan hasil wawancara kepada orang yang mengetahui kitab tersebut. Sedangkan data sekundernya adalah seluruh dokumen berupa buku, tulisan, hasil wawancara, makalah dan lain sebagainya yang berkaitan dengan obyek penelitian. Data-data tersebut dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode analisis isi (content analysis) dengan pendekatan verifikatif dan proses kategorisasi. Temuan dari tesis ini adalah kitab Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān memakai metode zaij syekh Dahlan Semarang yang dinukil dari kitab Sullam al-Nayyirain , yang metodenya mengambil data dari tabel-tabel yang telah ada. Hisab ini belum bisa dikatakan termasuk dalam hitungan hakīkī bi al-tahqīq. Menurut hemat penulis, metode perhitungan dalam kitab Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān termasuk dalam hisab hakiki yang tergolong hisab hakīkī bi al-taqrīb, karena masih berpangkal pada data-data Zaij Ulugh Beik, sama halnya seperti kitab-kitab yang tergolong dalam hisab taqribi lainnya, seperti Sullam al-Nayyirain. Meskipun kitab Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān ini menukil dari kitab Sullam al-Nayyirain, namun, mempunyai sedikit perbedaan yang menjadi kelebihan dari kitab tersebut, yakni lebih banyak hasil yang diperhitungkan dari kitab Sullam al-Nayyirain, seperti Jihah al-Hilāl,Muksu al- Hilāl, dan Haiah al- Hilāl,. Metode hisab yang dipakai masih sangat sederhana. Sedangkan kekurangan dalam kitab Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān yakni masih perlu dilakukan beberapa koreksi lagi agar dapat dijadikan sebagai acuan dalam menentukan awal bulan Kamariah, selisih hasil keakurasiannya pun masih jauh dari hisab kontemporer (hisab ephemeris) yang kebenaran & keakurasiannya sudah dapat dipertanggung jawabkan. ABSTRACT: This thesis starting from the beginning of the Lunar two issues that are crucial to the determination of worship that have been determined shari'ah. With the growing diversity of astronomy books in determining the beginning of Lunar (arithmetic), causing many statutes are also differences in the results of the early lunar month. From a variety of these books caused so much dissent among the people of Indonesia. Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān is one example of a coloring book astronomy of determining the beginning of Lunar fall. The first problem then is how early in lunar reckoning algorithms in the book Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān ?. Second, How does the study of astronomy lunar reckoning early in the book Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān ? To answer these questions, the research methods are needed library (library research), the primary data source book Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān and interviews to people who understand the book. While secondary data is the whole document in the form of books, writings, interviews, and other papers relating to the object of research. The data was analyzed using content analysis (content analysis) approach to verification and categorization process. The findings of this thesis is the book Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān wear zaij method Dahlan Semarang sheikh quoted from the book of Sullam al-Nayyirain, whose methods retrieve data from the tables that already exist. This computation can not be said to be included in the count of intrinsic bi al-tahqiq. According to the author, the method of calculation in the book Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān included in the ultimate reckoning reckoning belonging bi al-taqrib essential, because they originate on data Zaij Ulugh Beik, as well as books that are categorized in the reckoning taqribi others, such as Sullam al-Nayyirain. Although the book Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān is quoting from the book of Sullam al-Nayyirain, however, have a slight difference of the strengths of the book, the more results are taken into account from the book of Sullam al-Nayyirain, like Jihah al-Hilal, Muksu Haiah al-Hilal and Haiah Al-Hilal. Computation method used was very simple. While shortcomings in the book Fath al-Raūf al-Mannān which still needs to be done some more corrections to be used as a reference in determining the beginning of lunar months, the difference in outcome is still far from keakurasiannya contemporary reckoning (reckoning the ephemeris) the truth & keakurasiannya already accountable.

[error in script]
Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Awal Bulan Kamariah; Awal Bulan Hijiriyyah
Subjects: 200 Religion (Class here Comparative religion) > 290 Other religions > 297 Islam and religions originating in it > 297.2 Islam Doctrinal Theology, Aqaid and Kalam > 297.26 Islam and secular disciplines > 297.265 Islam and natural science (Incl. Islamic Astronomy/Ilmu Falak)
500 Natural sciences and mathematics > 520 Astronomy and allied sciences > 528 Ephemerides
Divisions: Program Pascasarjana > Program Master (S2)
Depositing User: Miswan Miswan
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2014 07:10
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2014 07:10
URI: http://eprints.walisongo.ac.id/id/eprint/1499

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