Model resolusi konflik alternatif dalam hukum Islam

Fanani, Ahwan (2013) Model resolusi konflik alternatif dalam hukum Islam. Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam, 7 (2). ISSN 1978-6670

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Abstract

Hukum Islam sering dipandang sebagai hukum yang keras dan agresif. Pandangan demikian tidak hanya dianut oleh kalangan nonmuslim, namun juga oleh sebagian kalangan muslim sendiri. Mispersepsi mengenai sifat dasar hukum Islam tersebut sering mengaburkan mekanisme perdamaian yang ditawarkan oleh hukum Islam. Formulasi studi perdamaian dalam dunia Islam kurang berkembang, sehingga referensi terhadap mekanisme-mekanisme resolusi konflik dalam hukum Islam belum memenangkan wacana publik umat Islam, apalagi publik yang lebih luas. Tulisan ini adalah upaya untuk menggali model-model resolusi konflik alternatif dalam hukum Islam, baik dalam menghadapi konflik antara sesama muslim maupun dengan nonmuslim. Tulisan ini menunjukkan bahwa Islam memiliki model-model resolusi konflik alternatif, khususnya sulh dan tahkim. Keduanya mewakili resolusi konflik alternatif yang banyak diacu dalam al-Quran maupun hadis. Kedua resolusi konflik alternatif tersebut mengandung elemen-elemen persamaan dengan beberapa model resolusi konflik alternatif modern, namun ada aspek-aspek khas yang membuat model resolusi konflik alternatif dalam Islam memiliki keunikan, yaitu memiliki basis agama dan lebih menekankan penyelesaian konflik bersama. ABSTRACT: Islamic law is often seen as harsh and aggressive law. Such a view is not only shared by non-Muslims, but also by some Muslims themselves. Misperceptions about the nature of Islamic law are often obscuring peace mechanism offered by Islamic law. Formulation of peace studies in Islamic world is less developed, so that reference to mechanisms of conflict resolution in Islamic law has yet to win Muslim public discourse, let alone the wider public. This paper is an attempt to explore models of alternative dispute resolution in Islamic law, both in dealing with the conflict between the Muslim and non-Muslim neighbors. This paper shows that Islam has models of alternative dispute resolution, in particular sulh and tahkim.. Both represent an alternative conflict resolution that is widely mentioned in the Qur'an and hadis. Both alternative conflict resolutions contain elements in common with some modern models of alternative dispute resolution, but there are aspects that make the alternative model of conflict resolution in Islam is unique, in which it has a religious basis, and it also more emphasizes to resolve a collective conflict.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Resolusi Konflik; Perdamaian, Hukum Islam, Sulh, Tahkim
Subjects: 200 Religion (Class here Comparative religion) > 290 Other religions > 297 Islam and religions originating in it > 297.1 Sources of Islam > 297.14 Religious Ceremonial Laws and Decisions
200 Religion (Class here Comparative religion) > 290 Other religions > 297 Islam and religions originating in it > 297.2 Islam Doctrinal Theology, Aqaid and Kalam > 297.27 Islam and social sciences > 297.272 Islam and politics, fundamentalism
Divisions: Artikel Jurnal (Journal Articles)
Depositing User: Miswan Miswan
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2014 03:57
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2014 03:57
URI: http://eprints.walisongo.ac.id/id/eprint/1855

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