The meaning of Sam‘, Baṣar and Fu’ād in the Qur’an (semantic approach)

Rida, Ikfina Biha (2015) The meaning of Sam‘, Baṣar and Fu’ād in the Qur’an (semantic approach). Undergraduate (S1) thesis, UIN Walisongo.

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Abstract

Sam‘, baṣar and fu’ād in the Qur’an are the unique word. Sometime, these three words are mentioned stand alone in verse, sometime in a series. They mentioned in a series in six verses, there are An-Nahl: 78; al- isro’:36; sajdah: 9; mu’minun:78; al-ahqaf: 26; al-mulk: 23. In this case, the writer try to analysis the meaning of Sam‘,baṣar and fu’ād by applying semantic approach. According to this approach, there are two kinds of meaning; basic meaning and relational meaning. The basic meaning of sam‘ is hearing. While the relational meaning of sam‘ is divided in two categories. First, sam‘ shows the characteristic of Allah. Second, sam‘ relates to human sense. It has some meanings, There are: 1) Sam‘ means hearing; 2) Sam‘ shows the activity of hearing; 3) Sam‘ means understanding. The basic meaning of baṣar means vision. And the rational meaning is divided in two categories. First, baṣar indicates the Characteristic of Allah. Second, baṣar that rely on the Humankind. It has some meanings, there are: 1) Baṣar means “the body part that use to see (eye) and its power”; 2) Baṣar means “the power of heart to reach something; 3) Baṣar means “ma’rifah and tahaqquq”;4) Baṣar means “teaching” (ibrah) ;5) Baṣar means “witness” ;6) Baṣar means “clear”; 7) Baṣar means “luminous”. Also fu’ād has basic meaning, the flame heart. While the relational of fu’ād is heart that being the place of ma’rifat and secret. Sam ', Bashor and Fu’ād are expressed in a series revealed in 6 verses. Three of them have relationship meaning with grateful and responsibility. This shows the relation between the meaning of grateful, and sam‘, baṣar and fu’ād as well as responsibility. Human is commanded to grateful to Allah, because Allah gives Sam‘, baṣar and fu’ād as the favors to get knowledge. So, the way of grateful is to maximize the potentiality of sam‘, baṣar and fu’ād. Beside, everyone has responsible and accountable for their hearing, seeing and feelings in front of God who has given them their ears, eyes and hearts. This is the integrity and honesty of senses, heart and mind.

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Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate (S1))
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sifat Allah; Tafsir al-Qur'an
Subjects: 200 Religion (Class here Comparative religion) > 290 Other religions > 297 Islam and religions originating in it > 297.1 Sources of Islam > 297.12 Al-Quran and Hadith > 297.122 Al-Quran > 297.1229 Individual Suras and Groups of Suras
200 Religion (Class here Comparative religion) > 290 Other religions > 297 Islam and religions originating in it > 297.2 Islam Doctrinal Theology, Aqaid and Kalam > 297.21 God and spiritual beings > 297.211 God / Allah
Divisions: Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Humaniora > Tafsir Hadis
Additional Information: Pembimbing: Dr. H. Abdul Muhayya, MA.; Dr. H. Hasyim Muhammad, M. Ag.
Depositing User: Nur yadi
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2015 08:41
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2015 08:41
URI: http://eprints.walisongo.ac.id/id/eprint/4405

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