Kontribusi mawālī kalangan sahabat dalam periwayatan hadis : studi periwayatan hadis pada kitab Musnad Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal

Sauri, Supian (2017) Kontribusi mawālī kalangan sahabat dalam periwayatan hadis : studi periwayatan hadis pada kitab Musnad Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal. PhD thesis, UIN Walisongo.

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Abstract

Fokus penelitian ini adalah mengapa mawālī kalangan sahabat yang berasal dari kaum marjinal itu, dapat berkontribusi besar dalam periwayatan hadis? Rumusan permasalahan di atas rinciannya sebagai berikut: (1) Bagaimanakah sebaran periwayatan mawālī kalangan sahabat dalam kitab Musnad Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal ? (2) bagaimanakah matarantai mawālī kalangan sahabat dalam Musnad Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal ? (3) Bagaimanakah muatan-muatan hadis mawālī kalangan sahabat dalam kitab Musnad Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal ? Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian library research atau penelitian kepustakaan. Sumber data penelitian ini terdiri dari dua sumber yaitu sumber data primer dan sumber data sekunder. Sumber data primer adalah Musnad Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal, sementara sumber data sekunder adalah buku-buku ilmu hadis, buku-buku rijāl al-hadīṡ, buku-buku hadis dan tulisan lainnya. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini, diawali dengan pengecekan dan penelusuran melalui kitab Musnad Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal dibantu kitab Taqrīb at-Tahżīb, kitab Ta’jīl al-manfa’ah, kitab-kitab rijāl al- hadīṡ dan aplikasi CD Maktabah Syāmilah. Sedangkan analisis data pada penelitian ini menggunakan teknik deskriptif dan pendekatan fenomonologi historis. Disertasi ini menghasilkan beberapa temuan: (1) Sebaran periwayatan mawālī sangat luas menembus berbagai faktor primordial masa masyarakat Arab sebelum Islam. Luasnya sebaran periwayatan ini menggambarkan posisi mawālī yang sangat urgent dalam periwayatan hadis dan pada waktu yang sama posisi mawālī sangat signifikan di masyarakat Arab sebagai kelompok elit yang dipercaya dan dihormati. (2) Adanya matarantai mawālī mencerminkan situasi internal mawālī yang memperdulikan periwayatan hadis secara khusus di lingkungan sendiri yaitu kalangan keluarga dan kaum mawālī. (3) Mawālī tidak membatasi periwayatan hadisnya dengan muatan-muatan tertentu. Muatan-muatan hadisnya universal meliputi berbagai permasalahan baik permasalahan khusus terkait mawālī maupun permasalahan umum terkait permasalahan akidah, ibadah maupun permasalahan sosial lainnya. ABSTRACT: The focus of this research is why mawālī among the marginal comunity, can contribute greatly to the transmission of the hadith? The formulation of the problem above the details is as follows: (1) How is the distribution of transmission of mawālī among companions in Musnad Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal? (2) How is the chain of mawālī among the Companions in Musnad Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal? (3) How are the content of the hadith mawālī among the Companions in Musnad Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal? This research is library research. The data source of this research consists of two sources, namely primary data source and secondary data source. The primary data source is Musnad Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal, while secondary data sources are books of hadith, rijāl al-hadīṡ books, hadith books and other writings. Data collection techniques in this study, beginning with checking and tracing through the book Musnad Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal assisted the book Taqrīb at-Tahżīb, the book Ta'jīl al-manfa'ah, rijāl al-hadīṡ books and the application of CD Maktabah Syamilah. While data analysis in this research use descriptive technique by using historical Phenomenology approach. This dissertation yields several findings: (1) The scope of the transmission of mawālī vastly penetrates the various primordial factors of the Arab society before Islam. The extent of this narration describes the highly urgent position of mawāli in the transmission of the hadith and at the same time the position of mawālī is very significant in Arab society as a trusted and respected elite. (2) The chain of mawālī reflect the internal situation mawālī who cares narration hadith in particular in the environment itself that is the family and the mawālī. (3) Mawālī does not limit the transmission of his hadith with certain Contents. The contents of his hadith are very universal encompassing the various problems of both the specific problems concerning mawālī and the general problems relating to aqidah, worship and other social problems.

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Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Contributors:
ContributionContributors (e.g. Thesis Advisor)Email
Thesis advisorSoebahar, ErfanUNSPECIFIED
Thesis advisorUlama'i, A. Hasan Asy'ariUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mawali; Periwayatan hadis
Subjects: 200 Religion (Class here Comparative religion) > 290 Other religions > 297 Islam and religions originating in it > 297.1 Sources of Islam > 297.12 Al-Quran and Hadith > 297.125 Hadits > 297.1252 Dirayah Science of Authenticity of Hadith
Divisions: Program Pascasarjana > Program Doktor (S3)
Depositing User: Miswan Miswan
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2018 05:53
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2018 05:53
URI: http://eprints.walisongo.ac.id/id/eprint/8363

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